Managing the future

There is a different sense of time in modern, functionally differentiated society. The temporal distinction in premodern society was time/eternity, … More

Risk Management

In a post from last year, I wrote about Luhmann’s Risk: A Sociological Theory (1993 English translation). The main idea is … More


Time is not a simple fact or universal given. It is a schema used for reducing system complexity, and every … More

Social Order?

If we agree that societies are not grounded in basic norms or shared values–or that there is no meta-level that … More