Theodicy and Morality

In A Systems Theory of Religion, Luhmann addresses the question of why God has created or permitted the difference between good and bad, and why he does not use the possibilities available to him to help the good triumph instead of the bad. Only in the modern era do people speak of “theodicy,” but it […]


The errors of Pierre Teilhard de Chardin

Given a very superficial understanding of Luhmann’s work, one might mistakenly associate it with the thought of Pierre Teilhard de Chardin (or other “vitalist” theories). The tenuous connection is that Teilhard’s theory deals with evolution and complexity. Teilhard (1881-1955) was was a Jesuit priest and a paleontologist who was censored by the Catholic Church for […]