As European society transitioned from stratification, or differentiation by family rank, to functional differentiation, new ways to differentiate people arose. For example, good taste, or
Virginia Woolf said that the biography as a genre was only established itself in second half of the 18th century. We know very little about
Jane Austen’s Emma (1815) has a lot in common with Anton Chekhov’s The Cherry Orchard (1904). Both deal with the transition from stratification to functional differentiation.