I prefer the term commerce over economy when referring to the function system that uses money as its symbolically generalized communication medium. Economy has too many possible meanings, such as the wealth or resources of a country or region, careful management of available resources, thrift, good husbandry, etc.
The health system translates the science system’s information into treatment-related information. Science knowledge for its own sake has no value for the health system. In a similar way, engineering is sensitive to (has resonance capacity for) information produced by physics, as well as chemistry and other subsystems of science, but only insofar as this information contributes to engineering as a communication system—i.e., as the information contributes to the autopoiesis of engineering communication.
If we wish, we may observe the increased specialization of science or academic research through a moral lens. For example, if we consider the science
System irritation is always self-irritation. Irritation always arises from the internal comparison of an event with established structures, which in the case of social systems are
In The Division of Labor in Society, Durkheim argues that the collective conscience, or the social integrating force of morality, progressively diminishes, and the focus
Luhmann argued that moral communication loses influence in a functionally differentiated society because the function system are amoral. Moral communication cannot compete with the communication