Luhmann saw himself as building on the pioneering work of Émile Durkheim, among others of course. Of course, he studied with Parsons, but Parsons was
Any sign of moral didacticism ruins art, if art is understood as its own autonomous social system. Art, in this sense, cannot be the servant of religion, education, philosophy, science any other kind of communication. These other systems can only use art parasitically.
What are the second-order effects of attempting mosquito or malaria eradication? What other diseases have been eradicated? What issues are there to consider? — Read
If we want to heal the world, we might look for an effective treatment or therapy. In this context, Roth contrasts solution-focused and problem-focused therapies. A problem-focused therapy, which is the traditional approach, seeks greater understanding of the problem—the diagnosed condition. But greater understanding or insight doesn’t necessarily alleviate the pain or save the patient.
If we are going to discuss social change, we have to consider the materials, technologies, or media that facilitate and shape communication. We can’t just
For Joyce, nationalism was a reactionary politics. As Len Platt wrote in an introductory essay to Finnegans Wake, Joyce came to decry all form of nationalism, linking it to racism and eugenic movements. The language he invented for Finnegans Wake, “Wakesese,” actively resisted nationalism, monoculturalism, and monolingualism.