The Nazis were not simple nationalists. Their nationalist propaganda was directed toward their fellow-travelers and not their convinced members; the latter, on the contrary, were never allowed to lose sight of a consistently supranational approach to politics. Nazi “nationalism” had more than one aspect in common with the recent nationalistic propaganda in the Soviet Union, which is also used only to feed the prejudices of the masses. The Nazis had a genuine and never revoked contempt for the narrowness of nationalism, the provincialism of the nation-state, and they repeated time and again that their “movement,” international in scope like the Bolshevik movement, was more important to them than any state, which would necessarily be bound to a specific territory.
There are no truly closed systems, except for purely conceptual systems, e.g. the physicist’s imaginary box that is isolated from all outside influences.
How does society move from one distinction to another? Good/evil is one traditional distinction, but, over the last century or so, it is has decreased
The distinctions we make are always just ways of seeing; they aren’t lines or divisions in some reality independent of observation. It’s Zeno’s Dichotomy Paradox.
The healthcare system is one of several function systems, but it has taken precedence over other systems, thanks to COVID-19. Public health has been deemed
Concepts, for Deleuze, are . . . an ontological rather than an epistemological category. A concept is not . . . something that people have
What makes hope such an intense pleasure is the fact that the future, which we dispose of to our liking, appears to us at the
In a 1996 article on morality and ethics, Luhmann wrote, First, systems theory means, nowadays, starting with a difference, that is, the difference of system
Here is concise definition of allopoiesis, which is distinguished from autopoiesis: pespmc1.vub.ac.be/ASC/ALLOPOIESIS.html