Luhmann argued that the legal system does not seek justice; as a self-referential social system, the legal system doesn’t have a goal other than its own reproduction. Justice is a value, but modern function systems are not undergirded by values. Ethically or morally just outcomes are not important. All that really matters is following established procedure, or due process.
A personality, or psychic system, shapes itself through reactions to all sorts of external stimuli, including the presence of other people. There are three possible
The theory of the group mind was developed by Gabriel Tarde and taken up by Durkheim. The thesis that crowd behavior is not simply the
“Contemporary civilisation in England, America, France, in all modern countries, tends to diminish the intellectual difference, which was becoming more and more deep and far-reaching, between men and women by opening up most of men’s occupations to women and by letting the latter share in almost all the advantages of training and education of the former.”–Gabriel Tarde
What are the second-order effects of attempting mosquito or malaria eradication? What other diseases have been eradicated? What issues are there to consider? — Read
In The Tree of Knowledge: The Biological Roots of Human Understanding, Maturana & Varela write, Ontogeny is the history of the structural changes in a particular