But the principle of ‘enclosure’ is neither constant, nor indispensable, nor sufficient in disciplinary machinery. This machinery works space in a much more flexible and detailed way. It does this first of all on the principle of elementary location or partitioning. Each individual has his own place; and each place its individual. Avoid distributions in groups; break up collective dispositions; analyse confused, massive or transient pluralities.
“The penalty transforms, modifies, establishes signs, arranges obstacles. What use would it be if it had to be permanent? A penalty that had no end would be contradictory: all the constraints that is imposes on the convict and of which, having become virtuous once more, he would never be able to take advantage, would be little better than torture; and the effort made to reform him would be so much trouble and expense lost by society.”–Foucault
As the noble/common distinction lost influence from the second half of the 18th century onward, it seems to have been replaced by a number of
When Luhmann refers to ego and alter, as in discussions of double contingency, it is easy to assume that he means psychic systems as in
In a patriarchal culture, men are supposed to be assertive and women are supposed to be passive and agreeable. Active/passive is a two-sided form, and