Donald Trump is a lot like a cult leader, not so different from Jim Jones. No matter what he does, his devotees will follow him.
The concept of autopoiesis in itself cannot explain a system’s persistence over time. Autopoiesis consists of events that pass away as soon as they occur. In
Luhmannian systems theory, as distinguished from the systems theory of the 1950s-60s, begins with the injunction to “draw a distinction.” Luhmann, following George Spencer-Brown, takes