Every attempt to specify causalities engenders ever greater difficulties. What will happen never depends on a single event. It is always a concatenation of circumstances, so that uncertainty multiplies in proportion to the rigour of the analysis. (Risk: A Sociological Theory, 41)
Normality is the distinction between normal and deviant (Luhmann, Risk: A Sociological Theory). It is a difference not a thing-in-itself. This distinction serves as an
All time semantics are culturally relative. There is no one, correct way of observing time. In Risk: A Sociological Theory, Luhmann wrote, [Just] as binocular vision
If communication had to take into consideration an unfiltered world, it could not sustain itself. Consciousness must reduce the complexity of the world, by limiting what can be heard or seen, etc., before communication can come into being as an autopoietic system. A great deal must be excluded.
The thesis we shall advance is that in the modern period the difference between the past and the future takes control over time semantics and over the adaptation of this semantics to altered social structures.
There is a different sense of time in modern, functionally differentiated society. The temporal distinction in premodern society was time/eternity, while in modern society observes