structural determination

Sartre and self-reference

In the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Jean-Paul Sartre’s ontology is described as follows: Its descriptive method moves from the most abstract to the highly concrete. It begins by analyzing two distinct and irreducible categories or kinds of being: the in-itself (en-soi) and the for-itself (pour-soi), roughly the nonconscious and consciousness respectively, adding a third, the […]


Only communication communicates

Society emerges out of communication (as a solution to double contingency); however, society is the communication, not the people who communicate (society doesn’t become smaller when one person dies or larger when a baby is born). Furthermore, only communication communicates. One communicative event (the synthesis of information, utterance, and understanding) links to another communicative event. […]