In Bergsonism, Deleuze writes, When we ask “Why is there something rather than nothing?” or “Why is there disorder rather than order?” or “Why is
Every personal experience is an observation, and all observation is based on distinctions. There is no pure, unfiltered reality that we directly experience. If I
“All phenomena that are born, exist, and are subject to the influence of other phenomena, in other words, all phenomena that are composite, must abide by the law of impermanence and eventually cease to exist. They cannot exist eternally, without someday being destroyed. Everything we cherish and hold dear today, we will have to let go of and be separated from in the future. In not too long a time, I will also pass away. Therefore, I urge you to practice being an island unto yourself, knowing how to take refuge in yourself, and not taking refuge in anyone or anything else.”
“[Evolutionary] advances reduce complexity in order to organize greater complexity on the basis of restriction. Thus a road network reduces the possibilities for movement to enable easier and faster movement and hence increase options for movement concretely available.”
This idea—that the difference between law and politics is a difference in language—lies at the heart of Niklas Luhmann’s systems theory. Luhmann suggested that society must be understood as a communication system. As such, it is differentiated into different subsystems, among them the political system and the legal system, but also, for example, the religious system, the scientific system, and so on.
In the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Jean-Paul Sartre’s ontology is described as follows: Its descriptive method moves from the most abstract to the highly concrete.