If communication had to take into consideration an unfiltered world, it could not sustain itself. Consciousness must reduce the complexity of the world, by limiting what can be heard or seen, etc., before communication can come into being as an autopoietic system. A great deal must be excluded.
There is no irritation in the system’s environment and there is no transfer of irritation from the environment into the system. It is always a construct of the system itself, always self-irritation–albeit occasioned by environmental effects.
Social structures are typically thought of as “patterned social arrangements in society” or “the most basic, enduring, and determinative patterns in social life” (Dictionary of the Social Sciences). But in Luhmannian theory, social structures are not things like family relations, friendships, organizational chains of command, etc. They are expectations. Social structures are expectational structures. We can reduce it to one question: What comes next?
Some tentative, half-formed thoughts . . . As Hans-Georg Moeller writes in The Radical Luhmann, Luhmann addressed the ancient mind/body problem by posing a triad–social system-psychic
In the Introduction to Autopoietic Law: A New Approach to Law and Society (1988) Gunther Teubner writes, According to Luhmann . . . the basic units of a
Francis Halsall published a very interesting article in May 2012 in The New Bioethics titled “Niklas Luhmann and the Body: Irritating Social Systems.” Halsall argues, In