More thoughts on religion as a social system . . . The religion system is an operationally closed function system; it reproduces itself through the
Communication systems (or social systems) are only directly coupled to consciousness systems (minds). This means that communication cannot be directly influenced by human brains, hearts,
There is hence no irritation in the system’s environment and there is no transfer of irritation from the environment into the system. It is always a construct of the system itself, always self-irritation–albeit occasioned by environmental effects.
Social structures are typically thought of as “patterned social arrangements in society.” But in Luhmannian theory, the structures of social systems are not things like family
Some tentative, half-formed thoughts . . . As Hans-Georg Moeller writes in The Radical Luhmann, Luhmann addressed the ancient mind/body problem by posing a triad–social system-psychic
In the Introduction to Autopoietic Law: A New Approach to Law and Society (1988) Gunther Teubner writes, According to Luhmann . . . the basic units of a