Deleuze and Guattari mention the stirrup as a pivotal invention that helped Genghis Khan to conquer a great part of the world. With the aid
Stability, instability, balance, imbalance, structure, etc., are mechanistic metaphors that don’t fit social theory very well. For instance, structural instability is a bad quality in a bridge or tall building, but it’s necessary for autopoiesis to happen. Structural instability, in a social sense as well as a linguistic sense, is generative. Structural instability is a quality of any dynamic, evolving, or “living” thing.
The health system translates the science system’s information into treatment-related information. Science knowledge for its own sake has no value for the health system. In a similar way, engineering is sensitive to (has resonance capacity for) information produced by physics, as well as chemistry and other subsystems of science, but only insofar as this information contributes to engineering as a communication system—i.e., as the information contributes to the autopoiesis of engineering communication.
More thoughts on religion as a social system . . . The religion system is an operationally closed function system; it reproduces itself through the
If communication had to take into consideration an unfiltered world, it could not sustain itself. Consciousness must reduce the complexity of the world, by limiting what can be heard or seen, etc., before communication can come into being as an autopoietic system. A great deal must be excluded.
There is no irritation in the system’s environment and there is no transfer of irritation from the environment into the system. It is always a construct of the system itself, always self-irritation–albeit occasioned by environmental effects.