“In diverging from the classical biological view of the immune system as the part of the organism that defends it against external attacks, Luhmann closely follows developments within biology itself. He orients towards a systems theoretical form of biology that arguably escapes the oft-criticised biological reductionism – of which Durkheim and Parsons stand accused – that would model sociology so problematically upon biology.”
In “The semantics of twenty-first century socialism and the Venezuelan political system,” José Javier Blanco Rivero writes The French philosopher [Claude Lefort] explains that in the
Identity politics differentiates; it draws distinctions to reveal social oppression or, in Butler’s terminology, precaritization–occupying or being held in precarious position. Identity politics emphasizes differences
In a post from about two years ago, when I was still pretty new to Social Systems Theory, I discussed an article by Francis Halsall.
Judith Butler, in Notes Toward a Performative Theory of Assembly (2015), argues that marginalized or ignored populations performatively establish “the right to have rights” by
I presented this paper at the conference of the International Social Theory Consortium in Chicago, May 19, 2018. It still needs some work. The Future