In a previous post, I wrote about Brian Massumi’s idea of preemptive logic, which he also describes as a kind of affective (rather than rational
Normality is the distinction between normal and deviant (Luhmann, Risk: A Sociological Theory). It is a difference not a thing-in-itself. This distinction serves as an
The thesis we shall advance is that in the modern period the difference between the past and the future takes control over time semantics and over the adaptation of this semantics to altered social structures.
This is an excerpt of a paper I am working on. There are many versions of systems theory and, obviously, not all systems theorists follow the Luhmannian
One of the best-known early theories by Niklas Luhmann is his theory of trust. In his book, Vertrauen (1968), Luhmann presented his basic theses about trust. The function of trust is to reconstruct or to reduce the growing complexity of society.
I’ve been thinking about the controversy between Apple and the US Department of Justice. The first thing to recognize is that when a state, which