Distinctions as Folds

We might visualize a distinction as a folded sheet of paper. As we fold a sheet of paper, we make … More

So-Called System Failure

The only way an autopoietic system can fail is if it stops reproducing itself. Instrumental purposes are constructed by another … More


The mass media doesn’t distinguish between information and disinformation. The mass media system only distinguishes between information/noninformation, and information is … More

Crossing and Conditioning

In our sexist society, men are supposed to be assertive and women are supposed to be passive and agreeable. Active/passive … More