A nonconfrontational strategy for social change

If we want to heal the world, we might look for an effective treatment or therapy. In this context, Roth contrasts solution-focused and problem-focused therapies. A problem-focused therapy, which is the traditional approach, seeks greater understanding of the problem—the diagnosed condition. But greater understanding or insight doesn’t necessarily alleviate the pain or save the patient.

Religion’s self-observation as noncontingent

From a systems-theoretical perspective, religion and the economy cannot directly communicate with one another; they are separate function systems with different codes. They can structurally couple and perturb one another, but they can’t communicate. They are, of course, both social systems and both consist of communication, but they employ different communication media.

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