Do shared norms matter in international relations? Psychic operational closure means we cannot share thoughts; we can only share language. Ideas cannot be shared. Thoughts, ideas, feelings, etc., must be translated into meaningful communication within a social system. Norms are not ideas, but rather expectations.
Systems have developed ways of managing conflict. For instance, a psychic system may experience conflict when incompatible desires arise at … More
Differences in fundamental values or norms, or lack of consensus, do not necessarily prevent communication, which means lack of consensus does not block the emergence
In the Forward the English translation of Social Systems, Eva M. Knodt writes, What distinguishes the systems-theoretical approach to communication from semiological, hermeneutic, and action-theoretical
In Chekhov’s comedy Ivanoff (sometimes written as Ivanov), revised and first performed in St. Petersburg in 1889, Chekhov explores the impossibility of understanding oneself or
Eudora Welty’s central theme in all of her work might be the separation that lies between human minds. One person can never know precisely what