It’s irritates me whenever I hear someone speak of “the environment,” because there are many environments. There are as many environments as there are systems.
I found this comment posted on the Niklas Luhmann Group to be very helpful: A system can only be less complex than the environment otherwise
Notes on Vladislav Valentinov’s (2014) “The Complexity- Sustainability Trade- Off in Niklas Luhmann’s Social Systems Theory.” According to Luhmann, the basic rationale for the existence
This a continuation a previous post. The equilibrium model seems to be tied to the whole/part differentiation, which includes the idea that society is the
When the economy differentiates as a function system, aristocratic privilege is lost. Moreover, the aristocrats cannot even process as information what is happening around them. They have no way of making sense of it.
At its core, the Trump campaign and similar brands of reactionary, neo-nationalist politics around the world are all about the denial of complexity. Trump and his followers