The boundary separating system and environment is not like a physical, spatial boundary that can looked across or traveled across. It is more accurately described as a horizon, and horizons are ever-receding.
The thesis we shall advance is that in the modern period the difference between the past and the future takes control over time semantics and over the adaptation of this semantics to altered social structures.
It’s irritates me whenever I hear someone speak of “the environment,” because there are many environments. There are as many environments as there are systems.
I found this comment posted on the Niklas Luhmann Group to be very helpful: A system can only be less complex than the environment otherwise
Notes on Vladislav Valentinov’s (2014) “The Complexity- Sustainability Trade- Off in Niklas Luhmann’s Social Systems Theory.” According to Luhmann, the basic rationale for the existence
Neo-nationalism, or the general social backlash that Trump (and Brexit) represents may be understood as a retreat from social acceleration and complexity. Trump appealed to