Even among fairly well educated people, there is a fundamental misunderstanding when it comes to the theory of evolution. A student of mine wrote that “humans
One reason someone might confuse Teilhard’s theories with Luhmann, systems theory, or complexity theory is that Teilhard talked about increasing complexity and a sort of global mind–the noosphere, which might be called a system. You might even think of the noosphere as being autonomous and, like social systems, beyond the control of particular human beings.
Here is a passage from Luhmann’s A Systems Theory of Religion: In general, there is no correspondence in the environment of the system for its
The boundary separating system and environment is not like a physical, spatial boundary that can looked across or traveled across. It is more accurately described as a horizon, and horizons are ever-receding.
The thesis we shall advance is that in the modern period the difference between the past and the future takes control over time semantics and over the adaptation of this semantics to altered social structures.
It’s irritates me whenever I hear someone speak of “the environment,” because there are many environments. There are as many environments as there are systems.