Power is doubly contingent. The holder of power and the subordinate must both have possibilities to act otherwise; that is to say, there must a
Eine wichtige Neuerscheinung des aktuellen Jahres ist soeben im dgvt-Verlag Tübingen erschienen. Es handelt sich um die deutsche Übersetzung eines Buches von Ethan Watters, auf
Luhmann argues that memory is the capacity to remember and forget. Systems must be able to forget. Memory is a system function (or operation), not a storage space.
I’ve been listening to a lecture by Luhmann titled “Systems Theory and Postmodernism.” Early in the lecture, Luhmann mentions a conversation he had with Jean-François Lyotard in
One of the best-known early theories by Niklas Luhmann is his theory of trust. In his book, Vertrauen (1968), Luhmann presented his basic theses about trust. The function of trust is to reconstruct or to reduce the growing complexity of society.
I’ve been thinking about the controversy between Apple and the US Department of Justice. The first thing to recognize is that when a state, which