“What makes hope such an intense pleasure is the fact that the future, which we dispose of to our liking, appears to us at the
In a 1996 article on morality and ethics, Luhmann wrote, First, systems theory means, nowadays, starting with a difference, that is, the difference of system
Here is concise definition of allopoiesis, which is distinguished from autopoiesis: pespmc1.vub.ac.be/ASC/ALLOPOIESIS.html
One sort of madness consists in seeing the accidental (or contingent) as necessary. We meet someone and later think that the meeting was fated; it was written in the stars. In La Nausée (1938), Sartre explores this issue. Nothing is actually necessary; it’s all contingent. Everything that has happened could have happened differently—or not have happened at all.
The English words ethics and morality are often used synonymously. For instance, ethics might be called “moral philosophy.” But one way of distinguishing between morality
“The astonishing thing is not that some people steal or that others occasionally go out on strike, but rather that all those who are starving do not steal as a regular practice, and all those who are exploited are not continually out on strike: after centuries of exploitation, why do people still tolerate being humiliated and enslaved, to such a point, indeed, that they actually want humiliation and slavery not only for others but for themselves?”