Autopoietic Function Systems

There is no self-description of modern society without at least implicit reference to functional differentiation. The distinction of function systems such as … More

The Panama Papers

The Panama Papers scandal can be taken as further evidence of the declining relevance of the nation state, at least for the … More

From Danger to Risk

In Risk: A Sociological Theory (English translation, 1993), Luhmann argues that in the second half of the 18th century a … More