When the economy differentiates as a function system, aristocratic privilege is lost. Moreover, the aristocrats cannot even process as information what is happening around them. They have no way of making sense of it.
According to Max Weber, monetary transactions are ephemeral and exclude personal ties. Once a purchase is complete, the link between buyer and seller dissolves. There
In Organization and Decision, Luhmann argues that a system can only remember itself. The memory function never relates to facts of the outer world .
The nation, or the nation-state, has been the privileged unit of modernity, but has never ruled out entirely other units of mapping cultures – from the “tribal” units of anthropology to the civilizational units of high cultures. These mappings establish boundaries that are thought to express something about what they contain – more often than not a political unit that derives its identity from particular social and cultural practices, the one not clearly distinguished from the other.
The distinction between decision-maker and decision is a tautology. The decision-maker is constructed by an observer; it’s a product of attribution. The distinction between decision
Some common definitions of society are the aggregate of people living together in a more or less ordered community, the community of people living in
Luhmann maintains that all communication is paradoxical because a communication system is self-generated; it’s a causa sui. As far as the system is concerned, it