Regarding timelines, we can distinguish between linear narrative and rhizomatic narrative. In the latter, we can never trace an effect back to a single, discrete cause. Laboratories were invented to try to isolate particular causal relationships, but in real life we can never account for all the variables.
When the economy differentiates as a function system, aristocratic privilege is lost. Moreover, the aristocrats cannot even process as information what is happening around them. They have no way of making sense of it.
The public figure is a product of the mass media system. Luhmann said that everything we know about the world comes from the mass media, which includes books, newspapers, etc., not just electronic media.
The theory of the group mind was developed by Gabriel Tarde and taken up by Durkheim. The thesis that crowd behavior is not simply the
“Contemporary civilisation in England, America, France, in all modern countries, tends to diminish the intellectual difference, which was becoming more and more deep and far-reaching, between men and women by opening up most of men’s occupations to women and by letting the latter share in almost all the advantages of training and education of the former.”–Gabriel Tarde
Luhmann saw himself as building on the pioneering work of Émile Durkheim. Thus, Luhmann argued that society is not an aggregate of individuals. We have
Any sign of moral didacticism ruins art, if art is understood as its own autonomous social system. Art, in this sense, cannot be the servant of religion, education, philosophy, science any other kind of communication. These other systems can only use art parasitically.
What are the second-order effects of attempting mosquito or malaria eradication? What other diseases have been eradicated? What issues are there to consider? — Read